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All Abstracts > Statistical Abstract of the United States > 2003 Edition > Elections > Members of Congress -- Incumbents Re-elected
Table 407

Members of Congress -- Incumbents Re-elected

 
1964196619681970197219741976197819801982198419861988199019921994199619982000
Members of Congress -- Incumbents Re-elected                   
Midterm ElectionsRepresentativesIncumbent CandidatesDefeated InGeneral Election 41 12 40 19 29 6 15 34 6 
Primary 8 10 8 5 102 3 1 4 1 
Re-electedNumber 362 379 343 358 354 385 390 349 395 
Percent Of Candidates 88.1 94.5 87.7 93.7 90.1 97.7 96.1 90.2 97.8 
Total 411 401 391 382 393 394 406 387 404 
Retirements1 22 29 43 49 40 40 27 48 23 
SenatorsIncumbent CandidatesDefeated InGeneral Election 1 6 2 7 2 7 1 2 3 
Primary 3 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 
Re-electedNumber 28 24 23 15 28 21 31 24 26 
Percent Of Candidates 87.5 77.4 85.2 60.0 93.3 75.0 96.9 92.3 89.7 
Total 32 31 27 25 30 28 32 26 29 
Retirements1 3 4 7 10 3 6 3 9 5 
Presidential-year ElectionsRepresentativesIncumbent CandidatesDefeated InGeneral Election45 9 13 13 31 16 6 243 21 6
Primary8 4 12 3 6 3 1 192 2 3
Re-electedNumber344 396 365 368 361 392 402 325 361 394
Percent Of Candidates86.6 96.8 93.6 95.8 90.7 95.4 98.3 88.3 94.0 97.8
Total397 409 390 384 398 411 409 368 384 403
Retirements133 23 40 47 34 22 23 65 50 32
SenatorsIncumbent CandidatesDefeated InGeneral Election4 4 5 9 9 3 4 4 1 6
Primary1 4 2 0 4 0 0 1 1 0
Re-electedNumber28 20 20 16 16 26 23 23 19 23
Percent Of Candidates84.8 71.4 74.1 64.0 55.2 89.7 85.2 82.1 90.5 79.3
Total33 28 27 25 29 29 27 28 21 29
Retirements12 6 6 8 5 4 6 7 13 5
Footnotes
1 Does not include persons who died or resigned before the election.
2 Number of incumbents defeated in primaries by other incumbents due to redistricting: six in 1982 and four in 1992.
3 Five incumbents defeated in general election by other incumbents due to redistricting.
Source

Ornstein, Norman J., Thomas E. Mann, and Michael J. Malbin, Vital Statistics on Congress, 1995-1996, Congressional Quarterly, Inc., Washington, DC, 1995; Congressional Quarterly, Inc., Washington, DC, American Votes, biennial (copyright).

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